Abstract
EVALUATION OF UTERINE MALFORMATIONS OF PATIENTS ATTENDING MADONNA UNIVERSITY TEACHING HOSPITAL USING ULTRASOUND

*Leko Bankole J, Mbadugha Christopher C, Apor Chukwudi C.

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound is a common diagnostic tool used for the assessment of uterine morphology over several decades.This research is to determine the various uterine abnormalities observed in patients who underwent ultrascan in Madonna University Teaching Hospital. Radiographs of 400 patients, between the reported ages of 21-49 years (mean age of 34.40 ±5.41) were employed for the study. There were about eleven uterine abnormalities observed with uterine fibroid occurring most in 243 out of 400 patients (60.75%), ovarian cyst was present in 115(28.75%) patients, endometriosis was present in 19(4.75%) patients, submucosa fibroid was present in 10(2.50%)patients, complex ovarian mass was present in 6(1.50%) patients, hydrosalphine was present in 4(1%) patients, hypoplastic uterus was present in 3(0.75%) and adenomyosis uterus was present in 2(0.50%) patients. While Enlarged uterus, Fundal fibroid, Bicornate uterus and Septate uterus were least common with each being present in 1(0.25%) patient respectively. The age range having the highest number of abnormalities were found in patients between the reported ages of 31-35 years with 111 cases (27.75%), while the age range having the lowest number of abnormalities were found in patients between the reported ages of 46-50 years with 26 cases(6.5%). uterine fibriod is seen as the most frequently occurring uterine abnormality. Ultrasound, though relatively simple and noninvasive, can provide valuable and important diagnostic information on the uterus.

Keywords: Ultrasound, Uterine abnormalities, Madonna, Radiological.


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