B. Venkata Phani Deepthi* and Dr. J. V. C. Sharma


Stroke, a cerebrovascular accident, can be a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Stroke can be categorized as ischemic, hemorrhagic or subarachnoid. During a stroke, the brain does not receive enough oxygen or nutrients, causing brain cells to die. Stroke needs to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible to minimize brain damage. Treatment depends on the type of stroke. The most effective way to prevent stroke is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle and treating underlying conditions that could be a risk factor. Various risk factors involved in getting stroke such as being overweight or obese, physical inactivity, heavy drinking etc. Certain medical and non medical conditions are also responsible for getting stroke. Stroke is brain attack which occurs in the brain just like heart attack which occurs in the heart. Hemiplegia is a condition where paralysis of one side of body occurs. The present review discusses about the risk factors, etiology, causes, classification, diagnosis, treatment strategies for the prevention of stroke.

Keywords: stroke, ischemia, thrombus, haemorrhage, embolism.

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