J. Nisha*, N. J. Muthu Kumar, S. Visweswaran, N. Anbu and V. Banumathi


Siddha is the oldest healing system of medicine and it has fundamental aspects for drug formulation. Major formulations used in Siddha are based on herbs and minerals. Siddha formulations offers tremendous advantage in clinical practice against metabolic and lifestyle disorders including neuro degenerative diseases. Often investigation on siddha preparations attempted on reverse pharmacology basis. Hence nearly 80% of the formulation already have proven track record clinically and now several investigation are being made on its preclinical aspect. Ethnomedicine is a traditional medical practice that concerns the cultural interpretation of health, disease, and illness. The practice of ethnomedicine is a complex multidisciplinary system constituting the use of plants in a spiritual way in the natural environment and has been the source of healing for people for millennia. The primary benefits of using plant-derived medicine are relatively safer than synthetic drugs and offer profound therapeutic benefits. Optimized nutrition through supplementation with plant derived phytochemicals has attracted significant attention to prevent the onset of many chronic diseases. The main aim of the present investigation is to carry out the physicochemical and phytochemical evaluation of the novel siddha formulation Seenthil chooranam (SC). The results obtained from the physiochemical analysis clearly reveals that the loss on drying value of SC was 12.73%, total ash value was 2.7%, in which the water soluble ash is 0.84% and acid insoluble ash is 0.76 %.The alcohol soluble extractive value was 23.03% and water soluble extractive was 18.64%. The result of the phytochemical analysis indicates that the formulation SC shows the presence of flavonoids, steroids, triterpenoids, phenols, tannins, saponins, proteins and carbohydrates. From the data’s obtained from the results of the present investigation it was evident that the formulation SC complies with the regulatory standard and also possess significant bioactive phytocomponents which may have a tendency to exert multiple mechanism. Hence from this it was concluded that the formulation SC may be used for treating chronic ailments.

Keywords: Siddha, Seenthil chooranam, Physiochemical, Phytochemical analysis, Ethnomedicine.

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