Abstract
“AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY CONDUCTED TO ASSESS THE PRACTICE OF EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD AMONG WOMEN UNDERGOING MEDICAL TERMINATION IN MATERNITY HOMES, IN METROCITY.”

Dr. Priyanka Chakkarwar and Dr. Sophia D. Fernandes*

ABSTRACT

Backgrounds: In India almost all women in the reproductive age group has risk of either unplanned or unwanted and these pregnancies add to the population burden or the women abort this pregnancy. Emergency contraception or post-coital contraception, refers to methods of contraception that can be used to prevent unplanned or unwanted pregnancy in the first few days after unprotected intercourse. This study was undertaken to know about the unmet need regarding FP, their use and failure rate of emergency contraception among the subjects. Objectives: Determine the correlation between the socio-demographic & obstetric variables with the factors influencing use of emergency contraception & to find the prevalence of MTP due to failure of E contraception in study population. Materials and methods: A Cross-sectional study was carried out among 199 females of reproductive age group In urban area of metro city Maharashtra. A predesigned, Semi-structured validated questionnaire was used to collect relevant data and analyzed using SPSS version 21. Results: 199 women were participates in the study. 40(20.1%) women used I-pill while, 17(8.54%) women had taken medicines from private practitioner for termination of pregnancy. 17.5% subjects observed excessive vaginal bleeding as side effect of ECP. Conclusion: This study demonstrated lack of awareness, knowledge and utilization of emergency contraceptives. Hence behavioral change strategies should be considered to improve knowledge and bring qualitative change on use of emergency contraception.

Keywords: Reproductive age group women, Emergency contraceptive pills, MTP, family planning methods, unmet needs.


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