Ayushi A. Keoliya and Dr. Arti Ajay Kasulkar*


Background: Identification of an individual helps to establish a biological profile via estimation of age, race, sex and stature where anthropometry acts a measuring technique that expresses the dimensions of human body and skeleton quantitatively. Stature is an important parameter of identification that has certain degree of correlation with hand dimensions i. e. hand length and breadth showing a variation on basis of genetic, geographic and ethnic differences. This relationship between body segments i.e. hand dimensions and stature can be utilized to estimate the stature and identity of an individual when the entire body remains are not available. With this in mind, the present study was carried out to estimate the correlation between stature and the hand dimensions in the population and devise regression equations, multiplication factor in the region of Maharashtra. Material and Method: A cross sectional study comprising of 222 students who were born and brought up in Maharashtra and belonged to the age group 18-22 years, exhibiting an absence of any bony deformity and significant illness were chosen for percutaneous measurements of hand dimensions for stature estimation. Result: Hand length showed greater correlation than hand breadth for estimation of stature in both males and females. The regression equation for stature estimation from both hand length and breadth along with multiplication factor for the specific population was derived but it was found that hand length showed a better reliability. Conclusion: The hand dimensions showed a high degree of correlation for estimation of stature. Out of which maximum correlation is shown by hand length and is more reliable for estimation of stature with low error and high accuracy of regression equation.

Keywords: Stature, Hand length, Hand breadth, Maharashtra, Regression, Multiplication Factor.

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