Abstract
SUSCEPTIBILITY TO RUBELLA AND ITS RELATED TO VACCINATION STATUS AMONG PREPARATORY YEAR STUDENTS IN ADEN UNIVERSITY, YEMEN

Nazeh Al-Abd*, Gumel A. M., Ayam Hakeem, Fatma Basabreen, Hanan Bahodila, Hasna’a Shihab, Nada Al-Mohammedi, Noor Mahfood, Saeedah Lakhbag, Shakra Al-Mhraby, Somia Ghanem and Mustafa Kassim

ABSTRACT

Background: Rubella is a contagious viral infection characterized by mild fever and rashes. Maternal infection early in pregnancy often leads to birth defects known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). Objective: To determine susceptibility to rubella among preparatory year’s students in Aden University and relate it to vaccination status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 146 preparatory year students in Aden University. Level of rubella IgG was evaluated by Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique using a commercially available kits on 146 serum samples. Results: The seropositivity rate of anti-rubella IgG was 130 (89 %) with 69 (53.1%), 61 (46.9%), for male and female, respectively. However, the susceptibility rate among respondents was 32 (11.0 %); 5 (31.25 %) were male and 11 (68.75 %) were female. Conclusion: This study reveals that alarmingly considerable percentage of susceptibility among students. Hence, there is a great need for a proper health education programmes and community mobilisation to encourage of population toward vaccination.

Keywords: Rubella, Susceptible, Preparatory year.


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