Abstract
PRESCRIPTION PATTERN OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS IN GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Treesa K., A. Vikneswari*, Annemary Joseph, Agnus Babu and Akshay H. N.

ABSTRACT

Psychiatric disorders are one of the most important cause of global morbidity and chronic disorder requiring treatment with psychopharmacological agents for prolonged period may extending up to lifetime. But, pattern of prescription varies based on different geographical areas, patient characteristics, type of disorders, culture, socioeconomic status, availability drugs and Physicians prescribing habit. Drug prescribing study helps to evaluate care evidence based, rational, cost effective treatment. Moreover drug prescribing pattern also help in identifying factors responsible for irrational practice of polypharmacy as well as problems associated with it. This present study was conducting with the objective to assess the prescribing pattern of antipsychotic drugs in psychiatric department, Mandya institute of medical science. It is a reterospective study and research period was about 6 months from October 2018. There are 150 psychiatric inpatients prescription were collected. Our study shows that majority were male (64.67%) and in the age group 35 – 55 years (46.67%). ADS was most commonly found disorder (40%) where benzodiazepine (28.93%) was most commonly prescribed drugs class. In benzodiazepine class lorazepam was most commonly prescribed drug (86.83%). Average number of drugs per prescription was 6.82%; injectable drug prescribed (44.96%). Percentage of drug prescribed from national list of essential medicine (48.87%). Prescribing pattern of antipsychotic drug didn’t differ by gender or age group. Benzodiazepine was prescribing more commonly; lorazepam being the commonest antipsychotic drug prescribed.

Keywords: Prescribing pattern, psychiatric disorder, Benzodiazepine.


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