Abstract
PROFILE OF COPD PATIENTS ATTENDING AT ACHARYA VINOBA BHAVE RURAL HOSPITAL

Dr. Varun Yadav, *Dr. Ulhas Jadhav and Dr. Babaji Ghewade

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that COPD prevalence in population above 40 years of age is 5%-10% which nearly accounts to 600 million people all over the world. In India, prevalence has been estimated to be 17 million, which causes mortality of around half a million people every year that makes the second largest number in the world after China. There are various factors affecting incidence and profile of COPD patients. This study was conducted in AVBRH Hospital to study the pfofile of COPD patients. Aim: To study the profile of patients of COPD patients. Method and Material: The main purpose of the study was to understand the profile of COPD patients. The study included 55 patients presented with signs and symptoms suggestive of COPD and diagnosed with spirometry according to GOLD guidelines. The data was recorded for the profile of the patients including age, gender, BMI, clinical presentation and history of exposure to various risk factors. Results and Discussion: The maximum incidence of COPD in this study was among the age group of 50-69 years with Male: Female ratio of 5.11: 1. More than half of the patients were underweight. 6 patients (10.91%) were having past h/o tuberculosis. 40 (72.7%) patients were found to have history of smoking and all were males. Among females h/o biomass exposure was 100%. Conclusions: Cigarette smoking is by far the most commonly encountered risk factor for COPD among males but biomass exposure is also potent risk factor for COPD specially in females who are usually non-smokers in indian rural society.

Keywords: COPD, smoking, gender, breathelessness.


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