Abstract
DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG IN - PATIENTS IN DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY IN A GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Dr. Vishwas A. T. L.*, Ameen K., Anasha Michael, Stiniya Zachariah, Parvathy S. Kumar, Dr. Suresha B. S.

ABSTRACT

Background: Irrational use of drugs during pregnancy may leads to teratogenic effects by directly act on the fetus causing damage or abnormal development leading to birth defects or death. It is a major huge worldwide problem. So, the aim of the study is to evaluate the prescribing pattern of drugs in obstetrics and gynecology department. Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in OBG department at MIMS Teaching hospital, Mandya. Patients who were satisfying the inclusion criteria will be enrolled into the study, for the period of six months. Totally 200 cases were collected. The patient data will be collected from medical records of inpatients of obstetrics and gynecology department. Result: Out of 200 cases age group between 18-27 years 149 (74.5%) are more admitted in OBG department. Among different classes of drugs antibiotics 359 (38.72%) are commonly prescribed medications in that cefotaxim (25.24%) was commonly used drug. The category B (54.69%) drugs are commonly prescribed in obstetrics patients. Maximum drugs are prescribed according to 2018 FDA essential drug list in that cefotaxim was commonly used. Out of 200 prescriptions 179 (89.5%) prescriptions contains poly therapy to treat various infections and disorders. Conclusion: The present study concludes that antibiotics are commonly prescribed to treat various infections as well as prophylactic therapy. Majority of the drugs were prescribed as per FDA category B drugs have not shown adverse effect on the fetus. Polytherapy was prescribed and these drugs do not posses teratogenicity.

Keywords: Prospective, Gynecology, Category, Obstetrics, Teratogenicity.


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