Abstract
GLYCOSYLATED HAEMOGLOBIN AND TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS COMPLICATIONS.

Dr. Dhatrika Nishanth and *Dr. D. Pramod Kumar

ABSTRACT

Back ground: Worldwide the prevalence of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus has been rising, and more than 180 million people are affected globally 1. Of all the cases of diabetes mellitus, almost 90% are of type 2 diabetes mellitus (Type 2 DM) and rest being type 1 (Type 1 DM). Untreated diabetes ultimately leads to microvascular and macrovascular complications, more commonly in T2 DM. Glycosylated haemoglobin is important parameter for the checking of glycaemic status among the diabetic patients. Objectives: To find the demographic profile in the study population and to determine the HbA1C levels among diabetic patients and its associations with diabetes complications. Methodology: A cross sectional study at medical outpatient department at Krishnaveni hospital during the period from December 2018 to May 2019. A total of 97 patients interviewed with self administrated questionnaire and lab values taken from the same hospital premises. Necessary statistical tests like simple proportions and chi square tests were applied. Results: In the study population, majority of the patients between 51-60 years and it accounts 56.7% and 60 years and above patients were 10.3%. About 35.5% were having smoking habit, alcohol consumption was about 18.5% among males and females no alcohol consumption was reported. In the present study, approximately 55% of the patients were having HbA1 C level more than 7%. 34% of the Diabetes Patients were having Diabetic neuropathy complications. Conclusions: Based on the study results, more number of people having micro vascular complications like diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy were observed in the study. Life style factors like smoking habit was more among male diabetic patients. More than half of Diabetic patients were having HbA1C > 7%.

Keywords: Age, Sex, Occupation, Smoking, HbA1C, Exercise, Complications.


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