Abstract
PREVALENCE OF MOST COMMONLY REPORTED POTENTIALLY MALIGNANT DISORDERS OF ORAL CAVITY IN THE REGION OF WESTERN MAHARASHTRA

*Dr. Tejas Kulkarni, Dr.Anagha Shete, Dr. Karibasappa G. N., Srushti Hange, Gayatri Gundup, Dr. Ashwini Rajbhoj, Dr. Avanti Chinte, Dr. Saloni Kumari

ABSTRACT

Prevalence of most commonly reported Potentially Malignant disorders of Oral Cavity in the region of western Maharashtra. Background: Oral cancer is the commonest cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. India alone contributes one third of oral cancer cases reported globally. Almost all the oral cancer cases are preceded by potentially malignant disorders (PMD’s). Numerous studies reported wide range of prevalence of these disorders. In this study we tried to find out the current prevalence of most commonly reported potentially malignant disorders in the region of western Maharashtra. Material and methods: 13010 patients were screened to find out prevalance of PMDs. Data was collected and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software, version 20.0 (IBM Corp.Released 2011, IBM SPSS Statistics for windows version20.0, Armonk, NY: USA) P < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Result: prevalence of leukoplakia was found highest among PMDs. Majority of patients were in the 40–50 years of age group 190 and least number were in <20 years of age group n = 21,]. There was a statistically significant difference between the age of Leukoplakia and other PMDs patients (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Early recognition of PMD and implementing national preventive programs can reduce impending complications and increase the life expectancy of affected patients.

Keywords: PMD, Leukoplakia, Oral submucous fibrosis.


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