Abstract
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL, CLINICAL AND THERAPEUTIC PROFILE OF NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES IN BUTEMBO CITY, EASTERN OF THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO (DRC)

Moise Muhindo Valimungighe*, Joel Kambale Ketha, Kasoki Joelle Pamella, Patricia Kavugho Wundiyohangi, Mathieu Katembo Manzekele, Joseph Ndamiye Rugazura, Michel Kalongo Ilumbulumbu, Katungu Kitamwivirirwa Tecla And Lydie Kahambu Valimungighe

ABSTRACT

Background: It is estimated that more than 1 billion of people worldwide suffer from one or more neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). The wealthy countries are not immune to this multi-faceted scourge affecting the populations of the poorest and most marginalized regions. This environment is a hindrance to socio-economic development and an additional barrier to overcome poverty. The aim of this work was to determine and evaluate the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic profile of neglected tropical diseases in Butembo city. Methods: This was a retrospective study, which took place from 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2016 in the Butembo city, Eastern of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Result: The overall frequency of NTDs was 2.6% in Butembo city. The female sex was more represented in 60.8% of cases with the sex ratio of 1.5 in favor of the female sex. The majority of patients were under 15 years old, single, with a primary education level, without profession and resident in the city respectively in 82%, 84%, 62.5%, 85.4 and 92%. Soil-transmitted helminthiasis were more represented in 94.4%, followed by schistosomiasis (5%), lymphatic filariasis (0.4%) and rabies (0.2%). 72.6% of patients were treated on an outpatient basis. 23 deaths or 0.8% and 4 patients, or 0.1% came out with a physical deformation during our study period. Conclusion: NTD present a major public health problem in Butembo city seen the number of deaths and physical disability that result from NTD. A therapeutic approach with preventive chemotherapy and public awareness in the fight against insalubrity will help to reduce and eliminate these diseases.

Keywords: Diseases, tropical, neglected, Butembo.


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