Abstract
ESTABLISHMENT OF HEMATOLOGICAL REFERENCE VALUES FOR YOUNG ADULTS IN BANGANGTE, CAMEROON: PRELIMINARY FINDINGS FROM A PILOT STUDY TOWARDS HEALTHCARE QUALITY IMPROVEMENT

Marius Mbiandjeu Tchoumke, Romaric Tuono De Manfouo, William Lelorel Nankam Nguekap*, Cyrielle Kenouya Kwesse, Josué Simo Louokdom, Théophile Kamdem, Ashu Michael Agbor, Serge Honoré Tchoukoua, Pierre René Fotsing Kwetche, Kaba Kourouma and Lazare Kaptué

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Blood count is an essential routine examination in biological diagnosis. The interpretation of its results involves the comparison of values obtained with values or ranges of references usually specific to the Caucasian population. The aim of this study was to establish reference values specific to young adults in the city of Bangangté (Western Region, Cameroon). Materials and methods: This study was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out at the Cliniques Universitaires des Montagnes between December 2017 and May 2018. We recruited 312 young, healthy adults made up of 131 men and 181 women between the ages of 15 and 29 living in the city of Bangangté. After signing a consent form, all participants were voluntarily allowed to carry out clinical, radiological and biomedical examinations analysis to ensure that they are healthy. After selection, we performed the blood count with hematology automat (BC-2800). Results and Discussion: The results from this analysis allowed us to establish the reference values of the blood count parameters, which include: white blood cells between 3.5x109-9.7x109 / L (women) and 3.3x109-8.5x109 / L (men), red blood cells between 3.5x1012-6x1012 / L (women) and 4.3x1012-6.9x1012 / L (men), and platelets between 130x109 - 464x109 / L (women) and 165x109-412x109 / L (men). The Comparison of these values with the values described elsewhere has revealed the existence of several dissimilarities. Conclusion: This preliminary study permitted us to establish the references values of the blood count for young adults in the city of Bangangté and to identify potential differences between results obtained in this study and result obtained in other setting. Hence the need to establish our own reference intervals through wider studies and in different regions of Cameroon.

Keywords: Reference values, young adults, Bangangté.


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