Abstract
PRESERVE THE ORAL HEALTH OF THE GERIATRIC PATIENT TO MAINTAIN QUALITY OF LIFE, MASTICATION AND ADEQUATE DIGESTION

Cordero Perea Hazel*, Perea Gonzalez Gloria Patricia, Soberanes de la Fuente Luminosa, Gonzalez Manrique Rubi, Zarate Flores Alma Delia and Moreno Hernandez Luis

ABSTRACT

Preserving the general and oral health of the geriatric patient is important. Inadequate dental or prosthetic hygiene favors the proliferation of microorganisms, generating periodontal disease, tooth decay, dental loss. Partial or total edentulism favors chewing, digestion and bowel movements, leads to alterations in terms of feeding, favors the patient to consume a soft diet, nutrient deficiency frequently due to difficulty in chewing, decrease fluid intake, affecting evacuation. Descriptive, cross-sectional, comparative, observational, clinical study, 60-70 years, both sex. The Oral Health Impact Profile-Profile instrument (OHIP-14), informed consent was applied to 200 healthy geriatric patients and its diagnosis and treatment was performed. Considering the mean, the pre and postoperative treatment results were obtained: poor oral hygiene 92%/15%, periodontal disease 80%/23%, poorly adjusted prosthesis 43%/14%, difficulty evacuating 75%/16%. The dimensions with the greatest impact on oral health were general disability question (Q)14 Have you been totally unable to perform your daily activities? (63.5%) (Q)13 Have you felt that life in general has been less pleasant? (56.5%), psychological disability (Q)10 Have you felt embarrassed about problems with your mouth? (68%) (Q)9 Have you found difficulty resting? (70%) functional limitation (Q)1 Have you had trouble pronouncing words? (60%) physical pain (Q)4 Have you had painful discomfort in your mouth? (58%) (Q) Have you had painful discomfort in your mouth? (57.5%). Therefore, the oral condition affects the quality of life, it is convenient to implement preventive measures that influence the preservation of dental organs and avoid edentulism.

Keywords: Geriatric, edentulism, periodontal disease, evacuate.


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