Abstract
ANTHELMINTICS IN UNANI MEDICINE: AN EVIDENCE BASED APPROACH

Huda Nafees*, Sana Nafees, Mohd. Mohsin, Mohd. Anas, S. Nizamudeen

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants have served through ages, as a constant source of medicaments for the treatment of a variety of diseases. The half of world is suffering from bacterial and helminthic infection, due to poor sanitation, unhygienic condition, malnutrition and crowded living conditions. The Latest estimation of W.H.O indicates that more than 880 million children are in need of treatment for these parasites In Unani literature helminthes are of 4 types these are- Long: Hayyat. Round: Mustadeer. Flat: Kaddudana. Small: Khalli. According to Tabri and Sarayoon (Al Hawi fit Tibb) the main cause for the production of helminths is heat and putrefaction. It has been mentioned that Dam (blood) has no role to play in these diseases Abujarih al Rahibstated that helminths also produced by the use of raw and soft things like raw wheat, raw meat, raw vegetables etc. Abdominal pain, dryness of lips, presence of worms in faeces, nausea, and paleness of face are the important symptoms mentioned in Unani medicine. Treatment of helminthes infection in humans according to Unani literature involves in removing the cause of production of the helminths i.e. the Balgham (Phlegm) from the intestines and the drugs responsible to kill the worms and those responsible for their expulsion from the body are indicated. For this purpose, those drugs which are bitter in Taste like Kamela, Baobarang, either of Haar or Barid Mizaj i.e. (Hot or Cold temperamental drugs) as per the Mizaj of the diseased person are recommended.

Keywords: Anthelmintics, Balgham, Unani Medicine, Mizaj.


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