Abstract
IMPROVING KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF ELJALLABIYA CITIZENS TOWARDS THE UTILIZATION OF WATER SUPPLIES, IN EL-OBEID, NORTH KORDOFAN STATE, SUDAN, (2017 - 2019)

Musa A. O. Mohammed*, Magda E. Ahmed, Osman K. Saeed and Kubra A. E. Hammad

ABSTRACT

A health education intervention study was conducted to assess the role of a comprehensive health education program in improving water supply utilization, in Eljallabiya, El-Obeid City, North Kordofan State, Sudan. Building on community. A baseline survey was conducted to obtain baseline data from the study area. The intervention activities were the training program, health education activities. A total of (121) families were selected, were participated (100% response rate). Filled a self-administered questionnaire that was selected through a clustered sampling technique, and a simple random sampling technique used to select sample size determined from each household. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Sciences version (22.0) software. Chi-square test was used to verify the possible association between different variables (dependent and independent). All houses out a range of network distribution system is increasing to (17.4%), after an intervention; (P.V= 0.002). (84.3%) of citizens change the stored water, is increasing to (99.2%). (65%) of citizens use plastic cups, is reducing to (19%) after an intervention. There was a significant improvement in their Knowledge, Attitude and Practice towards water supply utilization, (P= 0.000). Regarding household treatment was increased from (9.7%) to (25.6%), (P= 0.000). The reasons behind absence of water treatment before using were: lack of knowledge of treatment methods, lack of chlorine tablets and treatment is not important, was reduced from (63.6%), (11.8%) and (20%), respectively, to (42.2%), (8.9%), (17.8%); (P.V= 0.000). (95%) of citizens had never used chlorine for water treatment, is reducing to (93.9%) after an intervention.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Domestic Water, Treatment, citizens.


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