Abstract
RELATIONSHIP OF BODY MASS INDEX WITH PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVEL OF PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS IN MONTENEGRO

*Vesna Samardžic

ABSTRACT

Obesity is defined as the presence of a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 and is considered to be one of the fastest growing health problems in the modern world. The incidence of overweight and obesity is rapiddly increasing. Studies of healthy life style habits among future health professionals are conducted in many countries. The adequate level of physical activity is important for proper functioning of the human body. It reduces the risk of obesity and maintains good shape of our body. The primary aim of this study was to assess prevalence of overweight and obesity among physiotherapy students in Montenegro and its corelation with physical activity level. We included physiotherapy students who volunteered to participate in the study. Before assessment, students signed informed consent to participate in the research. Parameters of physical form: body mass index (BMI) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated after antropometric measurements. Physical activity (PA) level was assessed with Internationa Physical Activity Questionaire (IPAQ)-short form. A total of 62 students (42 female, 20 male) of physical therapy aged from 19 to 25 years were enrolled in this study. BMI showed that 39 (62.9%) were normal body weight, 21 (33.9%) were overweight and 2 students were found obese (3.2%). Abdominal adiposity, as measured by increased WHR was present in only one student. Body composition of students was satisfactory. The level of physical activity was not satisfactory and there was not found statistically significant correlation between a BMI scores and the PA level. The study reinforces the need to encourage regular physical activity and healthy habits routine among physiotherapy students. Habits of healthy living started early are kept later in the life.

Keywords: Body composition, BMI, Obesity, University students, Relationship, Physical activity.


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