Abstract
THE RELATION BETWEEN ANABOLIC ANDROGENIC STEROIDS (AASs) USE AND THE DECREASE IN SPERM COUNT AMONG MALE ATHLETES IN DAMASCUS SYRIA

Mazen Ismail Allouche and Lama Ayad Al Adal*

ABSTRACT

The objective of this cross sectional study is to know the relation between anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) use and the decrease in sperm count among male athletes in Damascus – Syria. Eighty athletes were included in the study. The athletes were divided into two groups, group I included 40 subjects with a history of AAS use, while group II also included 40 subjects with no history of AAS use. The study showed that 37.5% of AAS users had sperm count below the normal values (62.5% normal - 12.5% mild oligospermia - 17.5% moderate oligospermia - 7.5% severe oligospermia). This findings indicated that use of AAS can lead to a decrease in sperm count, moreover smoking cigarette, cannabis use and alcohol intake had a negative impact on sperm count.

Keywords: AASs Use. Anabolic Androgenic Steroids. Sperm Count. Semen Analysis. Oligospermia. Spermatogenesis.


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