Abstract
PREVALENCE OF RESPIRATORY INFECTION AMONG POPULATION, A RETROSPECTIVE CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY IN IRAQ

*Dr. Israa Tareq Mahmood

ABSTRACT

Background: In the world, respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of mortality causing almost 12% of all deaths. Aim: To identify the frequency of cases at the different ages during the study period in Iraq. Method: A retrospective cross sectional study was carried out at the Life Statistics Center of the Iraqi Ministry of Health within 3 months. During this period, the study samples were collected for 5 years, starting from 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018. Data was entered to Excel sheet and the STATA software program was used to analyze this data and make tables and graphs. Results: Most cases (52.3%) were male more than female cases (47.7%). In 2014, the number of cases was higher 24.6%, followed by 2015 24.5% and the less number was in 2017 (15.6%). Also, the highest percentage of cases occurs in the age less than 14 years old. The peak of graphs was high in 2014, 2015 and low in 2016 and 2017. Conclusion: There is a highly relationship between the age groups by year at the p. value less than 0.05. And this might require more effort especially among age less than 14 years and elderly. By highlighting regions and populations with the highest burden, and the risk factors that could have the greatest effect, funders, policy makers, and programme.

Keywords: Respiratory, Infection, Peak, Cross-sectional study.


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