Abstract
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE AND THE SANITATION PROBLEMS OF PEOPLE LIVING IN SLUM AREA IN KATHMANDU

Sabyata Gautam*, Rojina Basnet

ABSTRACT

People living in slum usually suffer health problems due to poor sanitation. The study on sanitation condition of Slum Area of Balkhu-14, Kathmandu district was studied. In this descriptive study, data was collected from 100 households, selected by using simple random sampling. Most of the respondents were female i.e. 70%. More than half of the respondents were illiterate and 69% of them were common labor. Almost half of the respondents of the slum area, had knowledge about sanitation, i.e. only 43% of the respondents told the correct meaning of sanitation. Study revealed that only 58% of the respondents had a toilet in their houses, 74% of the respondents used to brush their teeth once daily and 19% twice a day, and only 81% used soap water for washing their hands after toilet. It was found that 72% of the respondents were found to use water without treatment. The main communicable disease occurring in the study area was found to be diarrhea. Since, the area was highly crowded and the low level of knowledge of the slum dwelling people, the sanitation condition of the slum area was not good. Thus, awareness raising program regarding the sanitation practices and cleaning their environment should be conducted and the policy makers should give priority for the improvement of lifestyles of slum dwelling peoples.

Keywords: Sanitation, slum, communicable disease.


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