Abstract
A REVIEW ON CHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS AND VARIOUS PHARMACOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES POSSESSED BY MELALEUCA ALTERNIFOLIA

Jyotsana Sharma*

ABSTRACT

Melaleuca alternifolia, is one of that plant which is blessed with so many properties. Anti-microbial property is possessed by this plant due to presence of essential volatile oil in it. Tea tree oil is confirmed with broad antimicrobial properties and hence it is used to treat various disorders like dermatoses, vaginitis and respiratory tract diseases. Because of this, it is used as one of the active therapeutic ingredient in most of topical formulations. In some parts of Australia, crushed leaves are used to treat cuts and wounds. They apply leaves paste directly on wounds as this shows excellent antiseptic property and prevent the spread of infection. The tea tree leaf has confirmed with powerful anti-fungal properties and is used effectively for the treatment of multiple dermatophytes. Study reveals that leaf extract possess the antioxidant property because of the presence of various secondary metabolites such as terpenoids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids and steroids. There are number of medicinal properties that are there in this plant such as it is used to treat the problem of dandruff. Because of its germicidal properties it is used to treat the vaginal infection. This oil shows significant action against the acne as it can easily penetrate the skin and unblock the sebaceous glands. In last, this can be concluded that Melaleuca alternifolia is a single herbal shrub with many advantages.

Keywords: Melaleuca alternifolia, Antiseptic, Antimicrobial, Antifungal.


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