Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF SALIVARY PH AND FLOW RATE WITH TOBACCO HABITS: A CROSS SECTIONAL ANALYTICAL STUDY

Dr. Avani Modi, Dr. Dheeraj Kalra*, Dr. Purvi Bhate, Dr. Simran Aulakh, Dr. Pearl Jhirad and Dr. Sneha Jethwani

ABSTRACT

Background: Tobacco consumption is known to have various health effects and oral effects. Saliva is the first fluid that comes in contact with tobacco when consumed. Long term consumption of tobacco causes various alterations in functional activities of saliva. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of tobacco on salivary flow rate and pH. Material and methods: A total of 50 participants were divided into two groups –Tobacco consumers and Non Tobacco consumers. Unstimulated salivary samples were collectedand salivary flow rate and salivary pH was assessed. The data was statistically analysed using Chi Square test and Independent Sample t test. Results: The study showed that mean salivary flow rate score was lower among Tobacco user (6.9870.73) than non-Tobacco user (7.390.73) and the mean Salivary pH was lower in Tobacco users (0.2580.182) than Non-tobacco users (0.3450.164) and difference in both was statistically non-Significant. Conclusion: This study showed that consumption of tobacco causes decrease in salivary pH and flow rate among tobacco users than non-tobacco consumers. This show that tobacco consumption over period of time causes changes in salivary gland.

Keywords: Tobacco, Salivary Flow rate, salivary pH.


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