Abstract
PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC PELVIC PAIN SYNDROME IN YOUNGER MEN AND ITS IMPACT ON QUALITY OF LIFE

Anurudda Udaya Bandara Pethiyagoda*, Kalyani Pethiyagoda, K.M.V.K. Kothwela and J.A.A.C. Jayakody

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Disorder (CP/CPPS) has a high predominance among men worldwide where it imposes adverse effects on QoL. This study was carried out to evaluate the prevalence of CP/CPPS-like signs and to evaluate the effect of each symptom on the NIH-CPSI-QoL score in a group of male undergraduates in an educational facility. Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 178 male undergraduates in Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya in 2019. Symptomatology and quality of life were evaluated by self-administered questionnaire using NIH-CPSI as a model. Microsoft Excel 2010 was used to calculate all the percentages. Results: The mean age of 178 subjects was of 23.1 years with an age range of 20-26 years. Out of the group, 16.85% of subjects experienced interference to their usual activities due to pain. Men of 26 years of age were the commonest (n=25). Post ejaculatory pain and pain or burning during urination was experienced by 20.78% and 26.96% of the group respectively. Of the sampled population n=13 men had prostatitis-like symptoms and an index QoL score 5 or greater (5- Mostly dissatisfied to 7- Terrible). Conclusions: Pelvic pain, urinary symptoms and post ejaculatory pain were the commonest symptoms among patients with CP in the study group. The symptoms displayed a wide range of degree of severity and the quality of life was affected in the majority. Further extensive research involving wider coverage of patients is required.

Keywords: Chronic Prostatitis, Prevalence, Men, Pain, Quality of Life.


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