Abstract
OCCURRENCE OF ANEMIA AMONG COPD PATIENTS AS COMPARED TO HEALTHY INDIVIDUALS IN POPULATION OF NORTHEASTERN UTTAR PRADESH

Dr. Pulkit Gupta*, Dr. G. N. Srivastava, Dr. Anbarasan Thiru, Dr. A. Chokhani, Dr. Gowthami B.,
Dr. A. Jain, Dr. S. S. Dash, Dr. K. S. Sravani and Dr. A. Suresh

ABSTRACT

Aim: To study the frequency of occurrence of anemia among COPD patients. Methods: This was a single centre case control cross-sectional observational study design including 50 cases and 50 controls. COPD patients more than 40 years of age, having acute exacerbation were included in the study after proper screening. CBC, hb, LFT, RFT, ABG, hsCRP, Spirometry, ECG, ECHO was performed and data was collected and recorded for analysis. Results: Among COPD patients 92 % (n=46 out of 50) had anemia compared to 30 % (n=15) among healthy volunteers at a hemoglobin cutoff of: <13.5 gm/dl for male and <12.5 gm/dl for female. Most of the anemic cases both in control as well as cases were females. Conclusion: Anemia rather than polycythemia is commonly seen among COPD patients in this population group. 92% of cases were anemic as compared to control in which 30% of the population was found to be anemic.

Keywords: CBC, hb, LFT, RFT, ABG, hsCRP, Spirometry, ECG, ECHO.


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