Abstract
TO STUDY & ANALYSIS THE DIFFERENT SOIL COLLECTED FROM RANCHI AREA OF JHARKHAND- FIELD TO LAB BASED RESEARCH

*Rani Sweta and Dutta Amit Kumar

ABSTRACT

A complex mixture of minerals, water, air, organic matter and micro organisms is known as soil, which forms the intermediate zone between the atmosphere and the lithosphere. Soil has a considerable effect on human health, whether those effects are positive or negative, direct or indirect. Soil is an important source of nutrients in our food supply and medicines such as antibiotics. Nutrient management is very important. Nutrient management is dependent on the collection and analysis of soil and plant samples for nutrient assessment. If Failure to understand soil testing uncertainty associated with sample collection and laboratory analysis can lead to misinterpretation and nutrient management failures. When collecting a soil one should consider agronomic production practices and their impact on soil spatial variability and analyses measurement uncertainty. The fertility or the expected growth potential of the soil which indicates nutrient deficiencies, potential toxicities from excessive fertility and inhibitions from the presence of non-essential trace minerals can determine by soil test .Soil sampling removes part of the soil from its natural environment. The extent of the activity change depends on the size of the soil sample and the subsequent sample treatment (sieving, drying, or cooling of field-moist samples). The test is used to mimic the function of roots to assimilate minerals. With decreased tillage and transition to strip till systems there is an increase in nutrient spatial and profile heterogeneity. With regard to laboratory analysis soil tests are subject to bias and laboratory measurement precision which varies by the test method utilized and the performance capability of the testing laboratory. Soil test based fertilization has now been recognized as an effective technology for achieving better use efficiency of fertilizers and also for sustaining the productivity of agricultural soils. Ranchi consists of tabular landmass. Fertility of the soils is dependent upon both the macro and micronutrient reserve of that soil. Vegetation of same crop repeatedly causes nutrient stress in plants and ultimately lowers the productivity. The fertility status of the soils mainly depends on the nature of vegetation, climate, topography, texture of soil and decomposition rate of organic matter.

Keywords: Soil Sample, Growth, Health Impact, Media, Observation, Analysis.


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