Abstract
PREVALENCE OF OBESITY AND ITS COMORBIDITIES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Juzer Sabuwala*, Zulfiquar Kagalwala, Ayesha Naaz, Farheen Sultana, Rashiqua Ather and Mohammed Abdul Mushtaq

ABSTRACT

Obesity, a metabolic disorder characterised with a build-up of fat in the body which deteriorates our health and is one of the major risk factors for most of the long term disease related to the cardiovascular system of the body. Obesity assessment can be made using the Body Mass Index Scales and relate the grade of obesity with various cardiometabolic diseases. The study aims to understand the relationship and prevalence of cardiometabolic diseases with the various grades of obesity. The study revealed that males are more prone to obesity 57.7% rather than females. It was also found that patients with underweight, normal, overweight, grade I obese, grade II obese and grade III obese was 5.19%, 44.1%, 25.97% 18.83%, 4.54% and 1.29% respectively of the total study population. It was concluded that one of the most modifiable risk factors of cardiometabolic disorders is obesity, and reduction of the excess body fat or maintaining a normal body mass index helps in delaying the progression of the chronic cardiometabolic disorders.

Keywords: Obesity, Body Mass Index, Cardiovascular diseases, Metabolic diseases.


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