Abstract
ASSESSMENT OF FREQUENCY OF DYSMENORRHEA AND ITS IMPACT ON THE DAILY LIFESTYLE OF THE FEMALE MEDICAL STUDENTS OF GUJRANWALA MEDICAL COLLEGE

Ayesha Ali*, Aqsa Jaffar, Arooj Fatima, Ayesha Mubeen, Fajar Rafique, Anum Amin, Dr. Kausar Aftab, Dr. Rabia Javed, Maria Iftikhar and Duaa

ABSTRACT

Background: Dysmenorrhea is characterized by the presence of cramping lower abdominal pain during menstrual period. It is a common gynecological problem in females after the age of menarche and it mostly effects the daily routine life of females during their menstrual period. This study was carried out to evaluate the frequency of dysmenorrhea among young female students of Gujranwala Medical College and to determine its impact on their routine life style. Method: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted among 130 female students of Gujranwala Medical College. A self-reporting questionnaire was provided to each participant. Data was entered and analyzed in IBM SPSS version 23. Qualitative variables are expressed as frequency and percentages. Charts and Graphs are also used wherever required. Results: Among all the participants 66.92% were having dysmenorrhea. And majority of the participants with dysmenorrhea experienced general physical and psychological symptoms. 94.25% were having abdominal pain, 71.26% were having backache, 70.11% were having depressed mood and 72.41% were having irritability. Participants with dysmenorrhea were also having impact on their academic performance. 31.03% of dysmenorrheic girls skipped lectures while being in college, and 48.27% were not able to stay focused in lectures. 71.26% of dysmenorrheic participants were having disturbed physical activities. Consumption of hot beverages decreased the pain intensity among 86.20% and consumption of cold beverages increased the pain intensity among 78.16% participants. Conclusion: Majority of the female students experienced dysmenorrhea and it did not only affect their health and mood but also their academic performance and daily routine life adversely. This issue needs more exploration and education to minimize its adverse effects.

Keywords: .


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