Kusuma Medara*


Over centuries, cultures around the world have learned how to use medicinal plants to fight illness and maintain health. The importance of natural product in the treatment of disease has been increased because of its natural source and comparatively lesser side effects as compared to the complexity in formulating chemical based drugs as well as uprising cost has led worldwide researchers to focus on the medicinal plant research. Natural Products are the rich source of biologically active compounds and today’s many medicines are either obtained directly from natural source. Medicinal plants contain some organic compounds which provide definite physiological action on the human body and these bioactive substances include tannins, alkaloids, carbohydrates, terpenoids, steroids and flavonoids. These compounds are synthesized by primary or rather secondary metabolism of living Organisms. Secondary metabolites are chemically and taxonomically extremely diverse compounds with obscure function. The plant of Ricinus communis is a type of blooming plant of the family Euphorbiaceae. This plant has special place with subtribe Ricininae and monotypic genus Ricinus. The development of plant and its connection to different plant species are at present considered utilizing current hereditary tools. This project aims to detect primary metabolites in Ricinus Communis plant. We followed standard protocol to detect different primary metabolites using two aqueous solutions. It was found that some are present with extraction of ethanol and some are present with extraction of ethyl acetate.

Keywords: Plant extraction, primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, ethanol, Ethyl acetate.

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