Abstract
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF CANCERS AMONG IRAQI PEOPLE IN ONCOLOGY TEACHING HOSPITAL IN MEDICAL CITY IN BAGHDAD FOR 2018

Janan M. Al-Akeedi*, Nawar A. Abd Noor and Mustafa A. J. Alhiti

ABSTRACT

Background: Cancer is a generic term for a large group of disease that can affect any part of the body. Other terms used are malignant tumors and neoplasms. Cancer in the second leading cause of death in the world after cardio-vascular disease. Aim: Investigation of cancer in Oncology Teaching Hospital in Medical City in Baghdad. Method: This study include (1152) cases, (542) case have excluded because lake of medical note or diagnosis. Medical notes and histopathological reports of patients with confirmed diagnosis of cancer types between January 2018 to January 2019, were reviewed for age, site and type of cancer. Results: A total of (1152) patients were included in this study. The ages which show high prevalence was (41-60Y) (42.7%) (p<0.01) and (61-80Y) (36.02%) (p<0.01) which show significant relationship between age and cancer types. Most cases were detected in Baghdad (72%) (p<0.05) then Dayala (7.6%) (p<0.05), then Anbar (4.6%) (Non-significant) and wasit (4.5%) (p<0.05) and other sites were non-significant. The most prevalent cancer type generally was gastro-intestinal tract cancer (26.8%) (p<0.01), then respiratory tract cancer (14.3%) (p<0.01), then uterine cancer (8.1%) (p<0.05) and then prostate cancer (6.1%) (Non-significant). Conclusion: The high prevalence and incidence rates of many cancers were concern especially for older ages mainly in Baghdad.

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