Abstract
RATE OF HEPATITIS A DISEASE AMONG INFECTED PEOPLE IN IRAQ, A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Ahmed Habib Kadhim and Ahmed Saleh Odhaib

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis A is considered one of the most common causes of epidemics that spread among school students, in camps, and in collective housing. This study aimed to determine the rate of hepatitis A among people from 2014 to 2018. A retrospective observational study was conducted in all 18 Iraqi governorates; both urban and rural areas by using the secondary data for 5 year. Analyses were conducted by using the SPSS software version 22. Values were reported as the frequency, percentage, and p value of less than 0.05 was considered significant for all statistical tests. Out of 28234, 15611/28234(55.3%) were male cases and 12623/28234(44.7%) were female cases, the higher percentage of cases occurred in 2015, followed by 2018, 2016, 2014, respectively. The highest percentage of cases occurred in the age groups 1-19 years old. The rate of hepatitis A was higher 2.16 in 2015 and 2.07 in 2018. Planning to implement large-scale immunization programs against it must involve accurate economic assessments, and consider alternative or additional methods of prevention, such as improved sanitation services, and health education on improving hygiene practices.

Keywords: Hepatitis A, Rate, Observational, Iraq, Age.


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