Abstract
EFFICACY OF MILLETS(FOXTAIL, KODO, SMALL, BAYRNYARD AND PEARL MILLET) VARIETIES ON POSTPRANDIAL GLYCEMIC RESPONSE IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

Thenmozhi Palanisamy* and Dr. Radhai Sree

ABSTRACT

Millets are rich source of dietary fibre and non-starchy polysaccharides with low glycaemic index (GI), The millets such as Peral, Foxtail, Bayrnyard, Little and Koda millets are commonly used milletes with low glycemic index, hence can be used as a therapeutic diet. This study was conducted to estimate the effects of a millet dosas (Peral, Foxtail, Bayrnyard, Little and Koda millets) compared to a rice dosa for breakfast on postprandial glucose levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The GI of rice dosa and millet dosas (Peral, Foxtail, Bayrnyard, Little and Koda millet) were estimated. A total of 25 T2DM participants were randomly selected for the study. The participants were on oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) and not on insulin. In this study, each individual served as their own control and experimental group. The postprandial increase in blood glucose was compared after a breakfast of millet dosas and rice dosa. One way ANOVA were used to note the change in blood glucose levels and the level of the significance. Perason correlation coefficient is used to show the significance of Glycemic index on post prandial blood glucose levels. The Gl of the millet and rice dosa revealed that, fox tail millet has (49.64) was found to be the lowest followed by barnyard millet (50), small millet (52),pearl millet (55), koda millet (58) and rice dosa (77.96). There was a significant reduction (p= 0.000) in the postprandial glucose level of patients who consumed a millet-based dosas such Fox tail millet (p= 0.000); Koda millet (p= 0.000); Barnyard millet (p= 0.000); pearl Millet (p= 0.000); Little millet (p= 0.000). There is significant decrease of blood glucose levels in volunteers consuming millet dosas when compared to rice dosa. No significant reduction was observed in the fasting glucose levels. There is significant correlation between variables used for the analysis with p value, 0.000 which is lesser than that of 0.05 confirms, glycemic index has effect on blood glucose levels. Intake of food that have less GI tend to decrease postprandial blood glucose levels. The results suggested that replacing a rice-based breakfast item with a millet-based breakfast item lowers the postprandial blood glucose levels in T2DM patients. Thus, millets may have a protective role in the management of hyperglycemia. Further studies need to be done in all millets and whole cereals in a systematic manner to confirm these findings.

Keywords: Millets glycemic index - postprandial glucose levels - rice - type 2 diabetes.


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