Dr. Vijeta Rani*, Dr. D. C. Singh, Dr. Ramesh Chandra Tiwari, Dr. Deepak Kumar Semwal


Herbal medicines are being used by mankind for several years. In recent decade there has been a tremendous increase in interest towards plant based medicines, especially for new sources of drugs. Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm. (Verbenaceae) is the authentic botanical entity correlated to Gambhari as per the Ayurvedic pharmacopoeia of India. Root of Gambhari is one of the ten ingredients of Dasmula, an important formulation in Ayurveda. Although stem bark is used instead of root bark due to saving the life of plant. The increasing Annual demand of the raw drug and the decline in the availability of the authentic species have led to arbitrary substitution and adulteration in the raw drug market. This study provides comparative pharmacognostic and phytochemical charcterstics of authentic Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm. and one of its substitute namely Mallotus nudiflorus (L.) Kulju & Welzen (Euphorbiaceae). The perception of the present study is “A comparative pharmacognostic and phytochemical study of Gambhari and Pani gambhar.” In current study, all aspect about Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm. and Mallotus nudiflorus (L.) Kulju & Welzen have been taken like Name, Geographical source, Macroscopy, Microscopy, Physicochemical, Phytochemical (Qualitative and Quantitative) and Chromatographic. In phytochemical study, on the basis of Quantitative analysis total Flavonoid, Steroid, Alkaloid were estimated.

Keywords: Gmelina arborea Roxb. ex Sm., Mallotus nudiflorus (L.) Kulju & Welzen, Flavonoid, Alkaloid, Aqueous extract.

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