Dr. Abdul Shakoor Shakir*, Dr. Rohama Sardar and Dr. Baseerat Adnan


Objective: To determine the etiological spectrum of acute intestinal obstruction in surgical emergency department of our hospital. Methodology: The study cross sectional study was conducted in department of surgery, Nishtar Hospital Multan. Duration of study was 6 months. Diagnosed cases (age above 15 years) of intestinal obstruction with the help of X-ray and Ultrasonography were included in the study. All the patients were selected by non-probability purposive sampling technique. All patients were initially assessed after resuscitation in emergency room. The decision, to operate or manage conservatively, was taken by a consultant. Emergency laparotomy was done and operative findings were recorded. Results: Total 130 patients were enrolled in the study .78 patients were male and 52 were female. 43 patients were in age group 26-40 years, 36 patients were in 41-55 years. The cardinal signs and symptoms were present in almost all the patients. Abdominal pain was present in 128 patients, vomiting in 102 patients, tenderness in 118 patients, absolute constipation in 112 patients and abdominal distension in 119 patients. Out of 130 patients 96 patients were having intestinal obstruction due to mechanical causes like Adhesions were present in 21 patients, Hernias in 26 patients, Malignancy in 10 patients and intestinal tuberculosis in 17 patients. Remaining 34 patients were having non-mechanical (adynamic) intestinal obstruction. Out of these 34 patients 18 patients developed paralytic ileus due to gastrointestinal tract perforations (ileum, duodenal, appendix etc.). 26 patients were managed conservatively and 104 patients underwent surgery. Most common post-surgical complication was wound infection and wound dehiscence. The outcome observed in patients were as, 106 patients improved, 12 patients developed morbid condition, 6 lost to follow up and 6 patient died.

Keywords: Intestine, Mechanical (Dynamic), Intestinal obstruction, Hernias, Adhesions, Tuberculosis, Adynamic.

[Full Text Article]


Forgot Password  |  Register


Best Paper Awards

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (EJBPS) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.

Best Article of current issue :

Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen

Download Article : Click here

News & Updation


    AUGUST 2022 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 August 2022.

  • EJBPS New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJBPS Impact Factor has been increased from 5.467 to 6.044, due to high quality Publication at International Level.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJBPS Received Index Copernicus Value 77.3, due to High Quality Publication in EJBPS at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Dear Researcher, Article Invited for Publication  in EJBPS coming Issue.


UG/PG/Ph.D Research Publication

Research Scholar of UG/PG/Ph.D can Submit their Research Article/Review Article/Case Study/Short Communication for Publication in EJBPS


Copyright From

Covering Letter

                        Author Instruction