Abstract
KAP STUDY ABOUT PREVENTION OF MALARIA AMONG RESIDENTS OF RURAL AREAS IN PAKISTAN

Aniqa Raheem*, Syed Furqan Shah, Muhammad Ahsan Shafiq, Hira Saleem, Usman Haider Bhatti, MonibaTehrim6, Gohar ur Rehman, Ali Jaan, Mariam Hasan Ahsan, Muhammad Tayyeb,
Ayesha Amjad and Steven H. S. Tan

ABSTRACT

Background: A clear understanding of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of a particular community can inform the design of Behavior Change Communication (BCC) campaigns to influence acceptance and use of any malaria control measures. Research to clearly determine what interventions to carry out has not been undertaken in some areas such as Abbasabad, Mohammad Pura, Satukatla, Nasirabad, Rakh khamba pind, Chung in Lahore. In this regard, a study was conducted under following objective. Objective: To assess knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria prevention and control in rural areas of Lahore. (Abbasabad, Mohammad Pura, Satukatla, Nasirabad, Rakh khamba pind, Chung). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in May-July 2019 in Lahore. Results: 100 percent of respondents had Basic knowledge about malaria prevention and control. Despite most households (96%) were having mosquito nets, participants of focus group discussions confirmed that some people do not use the nets because they cause them breathing difficulties. In general, most people had fair knowledge about malaria prevention and control. Most of the respondents see malaria as a threat to their lives and community and majority had poor practices towards malaria prevention and control. Therefore interventions aimed at social and behavior change are necessary to address the gaps highlighted by the study.

Keywords: Malaria prevention, Lahore, Mosquito control.


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