Abstract
POST-TRAUMATIC MAXILLOFACIAL DEFORMITIES: A NARRATIVE REVIEW

Dr. Sweta Singh*

ABSTRACT

Post-traumatic maxillofacial deformities (PTMDs) are very difficult to correct, and if they do occur, their impact can be devastating. It may sometimes be impossible for patients to return to normal life. The aim of surgical treatment is to restore the deformed bone structure and soft tissue to create symmetry between the affected side and the opposite side. In the process of managing PTMD, correcting enophthalmos is one of the most challenging aspects for surgeons because of difficulties in overcoming the scar tissue and danger of injuring to the optic nerve. In this article, surgical options for reconstruction of the face and medial wall, floor, lateral wall, and roof of the orbit and maxilla and mandible repair are explored and described. Dental and plastic surgeons should join emergency trauma teams to implement an overall treatment plan containing rational strategies to avoid or minimize PTMD. To optimize aesthetic improvement, additional cosmetic procedures such as facial contouring surgery, blepharoplasty and rhinoplasty can be used.

Keywords: Post-traumatic maxillofacial deformities; Orbital fractures; Dental surgery.


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