Abstract
AN APPRAISAL CONCEPT OF KOSHTA & KOSHTANGA IN AYURVEDA WITH MODERN CORRELATIONS

Dr. Ashutosh Kumar Yadav* and Dr. Suman Yadav

ABSTRACT

Ayurveda has some unique entities, Koshta and Koshtanga is one of them. Word Koshta is used for vacant place having covering, where things can be kept in a lot. The organs located within the Koshta are called Koshtanga. They are known as Ashayas. The term Ashaya can be compared to hollow viscera in the body which has lumen to provide accommodation to one or other essential substances, The term Koshta refers to the nature of the digestive tract or Alimentary tract, which usually represents the motility of the intestines and movement of food, fecal matter in the alimentary canal and elimination of the stool. According to dominance of Doshas or Dehaprakruti, Koshtha is generally divided into three types i.e. Krura, Mrudu and Madhya where dominance of Vata, Pitta and Kapha Dosha is seen respectively. Koshtha is included in Abhyantara Rogamarga. Koshtha Pariksha tells us about the liquidity, moistness, roughness of the bowel habits. Assessment of Koshtha is important for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Koshtha Pariksha helps for choice of Aushadhi and Aushadhimatra. Koshtha Pariksha also plays an important role for to advice Pathya-Apathya and Aahara - Vihara. Thus in this article an attempt is made to explore the structure basis of Koshta and Koshtanga explain by our Acharya in classics with modern review.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Koshta, Koshtanga, Ashaya.


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