Siddhesh Waje* and Mandip Goyal


Introduction: The early stage of type-2 diabetes known as prediabetes, is the state in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. It strikingly resembles the premonitory sign and symptoms of Prameha. Fast-changing lifestyle and increased consumption of high-fat diets, junk food, and decreased physical activities with leisure have contributed to the rising burden of type 2 diabetes and other non-communicable diseases. As per Ayurveda, Madhura, Guru, Abhiyshandi dietetic articles indicating indulgence in high-calorie diet along with the leisurely lifestyle that is devoid of physical exercise play a major role in the manifestation of Prameha. Ayurveda strongly emphasizes preventive and promotive aspects of health rather than curative. References regarding lifestyle intervention along with drugs have been mentioned in the classics in the context of prevention and management of Prameha. Aims: This review aims to bring into focus the role of Ayurvedic dietary and lifestyle guidelines for the patients of prediabetes and thus the prevention of type 2 diabetes. Materials and methods: To fulfill the objectives relevant to Ayurveda and modern literature, available research updates, and information on Google Scholar, Pub Med, Science Direct.com, Science.gov were searched and analyzed with keywords prediabetes, lifestyle modification, diabetes, Prameha. Result: Most of the research articles regarding prediabetes suggest that awareness regarding Pathya (nutrition health education) like Purana Shali, Yava (barley), Mudaga (green gram), and lifestyle modification can play a major role in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. Conclusion: Unhealthy lifestyle plays an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes hence lifestyle interventions can play a major role to prevent diabetes and its complications.

Keywords: Ayurveda, Lifestyle intervention, Pathya, Prediabetes, Type 2 diabetes.

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