Abstract
A STUDY ON DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF ANTIFUNGALS IN PAEDIATRIC POPULATION IN DERMATOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF A GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL MANDYA

Sagar R., Rani Mariya Kurian, Rima Ramla and Dr. Suresha B. S.*

ABSTRACT

Background: Childhood dermatological problems contribute about one-third of all consultations in the setting of both paediatrics and dermatology outpatient services. Skin disorders in children may cause anxiety to parents. The pattern of skin diseases varies from one country to another and across different parts within the same country. A proper treatment is essential for cure and control of these diseases. The aim of the study was to find the pattern of fungal diseases in Mandya district of Karnataka and common group of drugs prescribed for them. Objective: To describe the antifungal drugs prescribed to paediatrics in dermatology department of MIMS, Mandya. Methods and Methodology: It was a record based cross sectional study. The research period was about 6 months. The relevant data was collected from OPD prescriptions by taking photographs of the prescriptions and details were filled in the predesigned proforma. Results: 250 prescriptions were analysed; 52 prescriptions were of fungal infection. There were a greater number of males (61.53%) than females (38.46%). The maximum numbers of patients were found in the age group of Children (1-12years). Most frequently prescribed anti-fungal agents were the azoles; amongst which most commonly prescribed individual antifungal was topical Luliconazole (25.4%). Most common cases reported were Tinea corporis (17.6%) Conclusion: Almost all the drugs prescribed as oral formulation were present in the WHO Essential list, India 2019. Whereas some topical formulations prescribed were not present in the WHO Essential list. Prescriptions encountered with injection were 0. This is a very encouraging sign. Therefore, regular educational interventions like sensitization on pharmacovigilance by the pharmacology department in the medical college may further promote rational prescription.

Keywords: Dermatology, Prescribing pattern, Antifungal, Paediatric dermatology.


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