Abstract
DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AMONG POSTNATAL INPATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY IN A GOVERNMENT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Sneha M., Sherin Wilson, Shilpa S. and Dr. Divyashree N.*

ABSTRACT

Background: During delivery, drugs being prescribed cause concerns due to their harmful effects on lactation as well as potential adverse reactions on the mother. Irrational use of drug is a huge worldwide problem. Medical abuse usually happens due to lack of abundant information on the use of drugs after delivery so, the aim of the study is to evaluate the prescribing pattern of drugs among postnatal inpatients in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department. Methods and Methodology: A cross- sectional (record based) study was conducted in OBG Department at MIMS Teaching Hospital, Mandya. Patients who were satisfying the inclusion criteria will be enrolled into the study for the period of six months. Totally 200 cases were collected. The patient data will be collected from medical records of inpatients of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department. Results: Out of 200 cases age group between 20-25 years 96 (48%) are more admitted in OBG department. Among the cases, 80 (40%) were normal persons and 120 (60%) were with complications or diseases. In the admitted patients 110 (55%) were undergone normal delivery. Among different classes of drugs, antibiotics 459 (26%) are commonly prescribed medications. Totally 1467 drugs are prescribed medications in that Cefotaxim 184 (12.4%) was the commonly prescribed individual drug. Out of 200 patients, 120 were assessed for different complication and among this 35 (29.16%) patients are more with pregnancy induced hypertension followed by hypothyroidism 26 (21.66%). The drugs were administered through four different route of administration and per oral 53.51% were most commonly administered. Conclusion: The present study concludes that antibiotics are commonly prescribed to treat various infections as well as prophylactic therapy. Commonly polytherapy was given to treat various diseases and disorders. In the study many complications after delivery were also discussed and safe, effective drug were prescribed to treat particular complications. This study reflects a good, safe and rational medication practice during normal and cessarian delivery.

Keywords: Delivery, Postnatal, Obstetrics, Gynecology.


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