Abstract
KNOWLEDGE, ASSESSMENT AND PRACTICE OF OVER THE COUNTER (OTC) DRUGS AMONG 4TH SEMESTER (2ND YEAR) MEDICAL STUDENTS IN GSVM MEDICAL COLLEGE, KANPUR

*Dr. Pooja Agrawal, Dr. Virendra Kushwaha, Dr. Mangeshkumar Tripathi, Dr. Sarita Singh and Dr. S. K. Barman

ABSTRACT

Background: In our country there is easy availability of drugs over the counter leading to their unintentional misuse and abuse. Over the counter availability of drugs does offer the benefit of easy access to medicines and allows individuals to become in charge of their own health. Use of over the counter drug as well as self-medication is a very common problem in India. Medical students are of no exception at this mal-practice. This study was to assess the extent of knowledge and practices of over the counter (OTC) drugs among 2nd year Medical students in Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi memorial (GSVM) medical college, Kanpur, questionnaire based study was conducted among 183 numbers of 2nd year medical students. Methods: Our study was a prospective cross sectional study conducted on second professional MBBS students. Authors administered a self-structured questionnaire to the students. The data obtained was tabulated, analyzed and the results calculated in percentages. Results: Most common conditions/symptoms for self-medication were Fever (36.07%) followed by headache (28.41%), cold (20.21%), Acidity (13.1%), Skin problem (3.28%) followed by diarrhea (2.19%) and muscle/joint pain (2.19%). (16.40%) of them experienced adverse reactions on OTC self-medicated drugs. (72.13%) read the instructions over package insert before using the OTC drugs and (54.64%) students understood the instruction. (67.76%) think that self-medication with OTC were good practice and (44.27%) think that common ailments can be treated by using OTC drug by yourself. Minor Ailment why see Doctor Advice (55.19%), Available freely on the counter (22.96%) where the some of the reasons for using OTC drugs. Text books / journals (40.43%) followed by Self-learning through internet (22.40%) were the most common source of information used to Know about OTC drugs. Conclusions: OTC medication is widely used among medical students who are studying pharmacology. It is important to create awareness about harmful effects of OTC drugs among medical students as they are future health care providers and prevent untoward consequences.

Keywords: Over the counter drug, Self-medication, Questionnaire.


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