Abstract
PREVALENCE OF TYPE A AND TYPE B PERSONALITY AMONG STUDENTS OF PUBLIC MEDICAL SCHOOLS: A MULTI-CENTER CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY

Zubair Hassan Bodla*, Fareena Mustafa Soomro, Saad Yaqub, Gohar Ur Rahman, Qurat-Ul-Ain Khan, Khadijah Sajid, Nisha Lohana, Nikitha Chellapuram, Farheen Sana, Evaristus Chinonye Ezema, Evgeni Mirkin and Emmanuel Joachim Nebuwa

ABSTRACT

Objective: TO find out the prevalence of Type A and Type B personality among the MBBS students of Public Medical Schools, and the association between academic year and personality type. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Public Medical Schools in Lahore, Sargodha, Karachi, Hyderabad, Hattiesburg, and Nnewi from April 2019 to May 2019 among 1000 sample size. 200 students from each MBBS year were inducted by a simple random sampling technique. After taking consent from the institute and students, data was collected on BECK Anxiety Inventory (BAI) questionnaire. According to the BAI scale, students were Identified as type A or B personality. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 20. To find the association between student year and personality type, the Chi-square test of significance with 95% confidence level was performed. Results: First, second, third, fourth, and final year students have 8(0.8%), 12(1.2%), 22(2.2%), 29(2.9%), and 37(3.7) type A personality respectively. Among all the study participants (n=1000), the total number of type A was 108 (10.8%). Association between student year and personality type was significant (p=0.050) at 95% confidence level. Conclusion: The study results indicate that there is a significant association between academic year and type A personality. There was a gradual increase in the number of type A personality students from 1st year to final year in public medical schools.

Keywords: MBBS, BAI questionnaire, personality type.


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