Abstract
EXPANDED PROGRAMME ON IMMUNIZATION AMONGST CHILDREN IN PHILLIPINES

*Gbeneol J. Tombari and Philip Loole Mene

ABSTRACT

The goal of EPI is for universal access of all relevant vaccines for all targeted groups is to control disease and achieve better health for all. This research was aimed at providing a universal access of all relevant vaccines for all children in order to control disease and achieve better health for all, which will ensure significant reduction of mortality and morbidity among the children against the most common vaccine preventable diseases (such as measles, tuberculosis, pertussis, poliomyelitis and diphtheria). This study was conducted in Dagupan City and data were obtained from the City Health Office (CHO), under the Department of Health where all the records from 2014-2016 were collected. The subjects of this study were children between the ages of 0- 5years, and parents were the respondents for the concerns of children under five years. The CHO health officials were also interviewed for the concerns in the implementation and interventions of the child immunization program. Mothers of the children under five years old were interviewed on their concerns. Documents for analysis for this study were collected from the City Health Office (CHO), Dagupan City and analysed using descriptive research design. For the childhood immunization program on EPI, the following vaccines are included: BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guerin), Hep B, PENTA Vaccine- (DPT- Diphtheria, Pertussis; HEP B- Hepatitis B; Hib-Haemophilus Influenza Type B Vaccine), OPV (Oral Polio Vaccine), Measles Vaccine, MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella), and PCV (Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine). Vaccines and their Dosages administered through the EPI. The highest average dose administered based on total population was PENTA Vaccines, followed by PENTA 2 and PENTA 3. From the record, it shows that there were no PCV and ROTA Vaccines in the year 2014 and 2015. This lack of vaccine is a major constraint in the implementation of the child immunization program.

Keywords: DPT- Diphtheria, Pertussis; HEP B- Hepatitis B; Hib-Haemophilus Influenza Type B Vaccine.


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