Abstract
MORPHOLOGICAL ABNORMALITIES OF THE SPERM IN THE CLINICAL CYTOLOGY LABORATORY OF COCODY-ABIDJAN TEACHING HOSPITAL

Okon A.J.L*, Deh Z.P, Kouacou B.N.F.A, Goulai B. Y. E. B and Tre-Yavo M

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Male infertility is a multifactorial pathology and the spermocytogram remains the essential examination in its exploration. Goal: This study aimed to determine the predominance of sperm morphological abnormalities. Materials and methods: The study material consists of the register of cytospermogram examination results and histological preparations (slides) stained with May-Grunwald Giemsa (MGG). The results of 69 patients were analyzed with the XLSTAT 2014 software version 5.03. Photomicrographs were taken using an optical microscope equipped with Motic Images plus 2.0 software. Results: The sperm morphological abnormalities observed during the study period were characterized by a predominance of midpiece abnormalities followed by those of the head and flagellum. The Kruskal-Walli test showed a highly significant difference at p = 0.0001 (p <0.05) of the malformations of the sperm intermediate part with a predominance of angulations (51.16%). Conclusion: This study revealed the predominance of angulations among the morphological abnormalities of the spermatozoa. These observations could be supplemented by an etiological study.

Keywords: spermocytogram, sperm, abnormality, morphology.


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