Abstract
A RESEARCH ARTICLE ON PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF SELAGINELLA BRYOPTERIS (L.) BAKER (SANJEEVANI/AGNIJARI)

Dr. Prabhakar Shukla*, Dr. Suresh Chaubey and Dr. Ramesh Chandra Tiwari

ABSTRACT

Selaginella bryopteris (L.) Baker, locally known as ‘Sanjeevani ‘is means one that infuses Life. Selaginella bryopteris is the Indian endemic resurrection pteridophytic plant belongs to the family selaginellaceae and is known for its remarkable resurrection capabilities. In Sanskrit it is known as Sanjeevani booti, a lithophytic plant which grows on slopes of the hilly tropical areas of Himalayan region. This study includes the collection of plant sample from Kedarnath valley of Himalayan region followed by authentification of botanical identity of Selaginella bryopteris (L).Baker. Selaginella has been used traditionally to treat many diseases such as irregular menstruation, uterine disorders for easy delivery, jaundice, heat stroke, wounds and other internal injuries etc. Selaginella contains a variety of secondary metabolites such as alkaloids, phenol and Flavonoids etc. due which it can act as antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-allergic, antimicrobial, antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral etc. It is also used as a health tonic to improve fitness and to expand life span. The Pharmacognostical, Physicochemical, Phytochemical and Chromatography study of Sanjeevani provide measures for identification and quality evaluation.

Keywords: Sanjeevani, Agnijari, Selaginella bryopteris, Resurrection, Pharmacognosy, lithophytic. Physicochemical.


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