Abstract
THE STUDY OF DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS AND CO-MORBID CONDITIONS OF CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Azad Moidul Islam, *Jayashree K., K. Rama, Sania Noor, Meghana Rani S., Dr. Beulah Milton

ABSTRACT

Background: Even though there is no cure for chronic kidney disease, the demographic characteristics such as age, gender, education and economic status were significantly associated with the progression of chronic kidney disease. The comorbid conditions can also influence chronic kidney disease patients. Hence awareness needs to be created. Aim: To study demographic characteristics and co-morbid conditions among hospitalized chronic kidney disease patient in a tertiary care hospital. Materials and methods: A hospital based prospective observational study was conducted for a period of six months with one hundred cases. Data was collected from medical records and interviewing patients. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software. Results: Out of 100 patients typical age group was 51-60 years with mean age 57.59 ± 13.32. Male patients (59%) more than female patients (41%). Middle class economic status (67%), secondary education level (48%) and moderately active lifestyle (69%) was prevailing. Totally, (38%) alcoholics, (20%) smokers and (6%) tobacco eaters. Stage IV (38%) was highest. Higher comorbidity was Hypertension (30.5%) and Diabetic mellitus type 2 (27.6%). Conclusion: This study assessed demographic characteristics and comorbidities associated with CKD patients. More patients were middle aged with maximum males. Middle-class economic patients were further up, reason being less educated and more unhealthy social habits. Males were prime alcoholics and smokers. Top comorbidity was Hypertension and Diabetic mellitus type 2. The stage IV was inflated. Therefore, there is need to investigate social economic factors and comorbidity of patients.

Keywords: Chronic Kidney Disease, Comorbidity, Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus type 2.


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