Abstract
BODY MASS INDEX LEAN TOWARDS SLEEP HABITS IN SEX-SPECIFIC RECREATIONAL ATHLETES: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

Mohammad Ahsan, Mohammed Feroz Ali* and Prasanna B. K.

ABSTRACT

The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a widely used tool to assess populations’ health status. Insufficient sleep performs a significant role on the health of both genders. Many studies indicated that sleep habits associated many health complications due to overweight and obesity. This comparative study was conducted to analysis four hundred recreational athletes from Fiji National University, Lautoka-campus, FIJI. The participants were classified into underweight, normal, overweight, and obese categories according to their BMI. To measure BMI, we used height and weight. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) is a self-reported questionnaire that used to evaluate sleep quality during past thirty days, and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) is a self-reported measure designed to estimate the level of the daytime sleepiness. For Statistical analysis, descriptive statistics were calculated for participants' age, weight, height, and BMI. An independent t-test and Eta Squared was applied for the statistical analysis. A p-value ≤0.05 was taken as statistically significant. The results indicate that 18.75% participants were underweight, 52.75.5% has normal weight, 15.25% overweight and only 19% were obese. There were no significant differences found between male and female recreational athletes for the BMI, PSQI, and ESS in the underweight, normal, overweight, and obese groups. Therefore, when any gender has a high level of BMI, their quality of sleep is poor. More study is needed on how to effectively intervene in different categories of body mass index and sleep habits in between genders.

Keywords: Body Mass Index, Sleep, Sleepiness, Body Weight, Health.


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