Abstract
THE EDUCATIONAL IMPACT OF MOTHERS REGARDING MALNUTRITION AMONG CHILDREN IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY AND LITERATURE REVIEW

Priyanka Singh*, Fatima Inam, Snehal B. Pathare, Anurag A. Anghole, Muhammad Arslan, Rishubh Loei, Prabhnoor Kaur, Suchitra Muralidharan, Shwetha Gopal, Amina B. Shah, Akhileshwar R. Ginnaram and Marium Faiz

ABSTRACT

Background: Health and nutrition have both intrinsic value and economic returns. Therefore, many countries have taken actions to promote both child health and nutrition, with varying degrees of success. More specifically, many countries have implemented health programs and projects (vaccination campaigns, the building of hospitals, construction of sanitation facilities, etc.) with mixed results. These mixed results are reflected in high rates of malnutrition in many developing countries. Materials and Methods: Study Design: Descriptive Cross-sectional Study. Setting: This study was conducted at Deen Dayal Upadhyay Hospital, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital in New Delhi and Mayo Hospital Lahore. Duration: The research duration was two months (Oct 2019- Nov 2019). Sample size: Following simple formula was used for calculating the adequate sample size in prevalence study n=Z2P(1−P)d2 Where n is the sample size, Z is the statistic corresponding to the level of confidence, P is expected prevalence (that can be obtained from same studies or a pilot study conducted by the researchers), and d is precision at a confidence level of 95% with anticipated population proportion of 70% and relative precision of 10%. The sample size will be taken as 300. Results: The study was conducted on the topic of “The Impact of education of the mother on the malnutrition of children aged 1-5 years. The mean age of mother was found to be 27.61 ± 5.13 years. The majority of the mothers were educated (89%) Most of the mothers were housewives (77%), while only 23% were working mothers. The mean age of the children was 2.41 ± 1.17 years. The median number of children born per family was three, while the mean age of the mother at the first childbirth was 20.31 ± 4.03 years. About 57 % of the index children were males, while 43.0% were females. The childhood developmental milestones were normal 88% while they were delayed in 12.0%. About 90% of the children had a normal nutritional status, while 10% had malnutrition. Moreover, 96% of the children had a proper vaccination status while 95% had EPI cards present. Antenatal visits were done routinely by 94% of the mothers & the number of hospital births was also 94%. Conclusion: Maternal education levels are consistently found to be strongly correlated with a child's educational achievement. Children's learning outcomes as well as time allocated to educational activities outside school, both have shown a positive linkage with the number of years of mother's schooling. Proper nutrition during the first two years of life is crucial for child health, physical growth, and mental development.

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