Abstract
SHORT COMMUNICATION: FORMULATION OF HERBAL SANITIZER AND ITS ANTI BACTERIAL ACTIVITY AGAINST PATHOGENS

Rutuja P. Sawant*, Sheela Yadav and Shifa Haju

ABSTRACT

The skin is the part of the body most exposed to environmental pollutants, sunlight as well as pathogens. Sanitizers are substances that acts as both cleaning and disinfecting agents. Hand sanitizer, also called hand antiseptic, or hand rub, agent applied to the hands for the purpose of removing common pathogens (disease-causing organisms). Alcohol-based products typically contain between 60 and 95 percent alcohol and at dose concentrations, alcohol immediately denatures proteins, effectively neutralizing certain types of microorganisms. Alcohol-based hand sanitizers, can effectively reduce populations of bacteria, fungi, and some enveloped viruses if rubbed thoroughly over finger and hand surfaces for a period of 30 seconds. The research was carried out to study the antibacterial properties of neem extracts (Azadirachta indica) and antibacterial study of lemon juice by Agar well diffusion method. Based upon these results hand sanitizer was prepared using neem extract, lemon juice, rose extract and glycerol, iso-propyl alcohol. The hand sanitizer developed was screened for its antibacterial activity against standard organism S.aureus. To conclude, it can be stated that neem leaves and lemon juice have natural antibacterial properties that can be exploited to eradicate the bacterial problems.

Keywords: antibacterial, sanitizer, maceration, disinfectant.


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