Mugdha Nandedkar*, Baghyashri Randhwan, Pallavi Harale and Rajesh Oswal


On December 30th, 2019, Dr Wenliang Li alerted the world about the possibility of a SARS-like virus outbreak in Wuhan, China. Several months later, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 to be a ―Pandemic‖ outbreak. As of April 10th, 2020, there were more than 1.2 million infected patients worldwide, with close to 100,000 deaths. Research has focused mainly on the epidemiology, risks modelling, pathophysiology and clinical features of SARS-CoV-2, but the impact of increased digital screen time secondary to the lockdown and quarantine measures in many cities worldwide on amblyopia has largely been unnoticed. The rise in usage of digital technology and online e-learning during this pandemic outbreak may jeopardize the effectiveness of these policies. In this perspective, we discuss the disruption of the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown measures on the learning environment of children and adolescents, review the evidence on digital screen time and its impact on amblyopia, and make recommendations to reduce the detrimental effects on amblyopia during and beyond this outbreak. Eye diseases seldomly carry a fatal outcome; however, they do represent high morbidity. Children's lives revolve around playing outdoors, reading, indoor games, watching television but the Corona virus disease 19 outbreak has left them with limited options. Increased screen-time, prolonged near work, reduced outdoor activities are some of the important risk factors for amblyopia according to various studies. Countries like China, where schools have replaced books with tablets and computers, evidently have a higher incidence of amblyopia. Likewise, Indian schools have also began to gradually adopt digital teaching methods. But the outbreak of COVID-19 has made it mandatory for all classes to be held online. In addition to classes being held online, class notes are circulated through WhatsApp groups or email. Hence, a child on an average spends about 4-6 hours on these devices for academic purpose in addition to playing on the hand-held devices. With the ―lockdown‖ issued by the Government of India, people are forced to stay indoors. Children are encouraged to stay indoors due to the fear of contracting the COVID-19 infection. Furthermore, with parents having to work from home, they are forced to hand these devices to even infants to keep them engaged.

Keywords: Amblyopia, COVID-19, Digital technology, Lockdown, Digital screen time.

[Full Text Article]


Forgot Password  |  Register


Best Paper Awards

European Journal of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences (EJBPS) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.

Best Article of current issue :

Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen

Download Article : Click here

News & Updation


    NOVEMBER 2022 Issue has been successfully launched on 1 NOVEMBER 2022.

  • EJBPS New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJBPS Impact Factor has been increased from 5.467 to 6.044, due to high quality Publication at International Level.

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJBPS Received Index Copernicus Value 77.3, due to High Quality Publication in EJBPS at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Dear Researcher, Article Invited for Publication  in EJBPS coming Issue.


UG/PG/Ph.D Research Publication

Research Scholar of UG/PG/Ph.D can Submit their Research Article/Review Article/Case Study/Short Communication for Publication in EJBPS


Copyright From

Covering Letter

                        Author Instruction