Abstract
PHARMACEUTICO ANALYTICAL STUDY OF ABHRAKA BHASMA PREPARED BY VARIOUS SHODHANA PROCEDURES

*Dr. Pramod K. Patel, Dr. Deepika Thakur and Dr. K. Shankar Rao

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Ayurveda is a highly evolved and codified system of life and health science based on its own unique and original concept and fundamental principles. Rasashastra has becomes a well-established branch of Ayurveda serving humanity with its unique heritage of drugs derived from metallic and mineral sources. The innate qualities like quick action, less dose, tastelessness, prolonged shelf life and better palatability of Rasaushadhis have helped them to conquer the compliance of the patients. These properties are not present in raw metals and minerals. Before using any metals and minerals they have to be shodhita. As Shodhana is not only purification but also a Sanskaar which removes its impurities, reduces its toxicity and potentiates its efficacy. So this study was done to analyze the importance of shodhana in preparation of Abhraka bhasma. Materials & Methods Table showing three samples of Abhraka bhasma for Analysis. Sr.No. Shodhan Marana Reference Sample1 AB-T by nirvapa method in Triphla kwath By Arka ksheer and Vatajatakwath Rasendra Sara Sangrah 1/149, 1/163-164 Sample2 AB-K by nirvapa method in Kanji By Arka ksheer and Vatajata kwath Rasendra Sara Sangrah 1/149, 1/163-164 Sample3 AB-G By nirvapa method in Godugdha By Arka ksheer and Vatajata kwath Rasendra Sara Sangrah 1/149, 1/163-164 Results: Organoleptic parameters have not shown much difference in different samples. X-Ray diffraction has shown peaks of major crystalline components present in Abhraka Bhasma. In EDS different percentages of elements were seen in all samples. Discussion: The values of loss of drying showed a marginal difference in Abhrak bhasma sample AB-G when compared to the Abharak bhasma AB-T sample. The reason could be varying amount of bhavna dravya. Sample AB-T contains Phosphorus, sample AB-K was found to contain Carbon and Sample AB-G shows presence of Sodium and Sulphur.

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